There are a number of excellent environmental benefits associated with patent pending Casimir Systemics – Insitu Conversion of Stranded Anachronistic Bio-Carbon (ICSABC) technology that include:
- Minimal land use.
- Significantly reduced use of groundwater or freshwater.
- No environmental impacts traditionally associated with mining and handling.
- The stranded deposit of Anochronistic Bio-Carbon (ABC) being gasified will not affect the fresh drinking water supplies.
- Significantly reduced criteria air pollutants.
- All or a substantial portion of the sulfur, mercury, arsenic, tar, ash and particulates found in the stranded ABC remain underground.
- Any sulfur or metals that reach the surface do so in a chemically reduced state, making them easier to remove.
- No landfill disposal required for ash or slag.
- No communication or contamination from Gasification Cell to Aquifer.
- No settlement of surface structures.
- Recavernization of all waste and byproducts occurs into the original gasified seam.
What to do with the Carbon Dioxide
The carbon dioxide that can be generated during the above-ground processing of the SunGas™ (i.e. ,as part of the water shift reaction used to produce a high hydrogen concentration syngas) provides the opportunity to capture and compress it for underground storage or for transport in a pipeline for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) or for other industrial use.
However, in keeping with the systemic approach to closely coupling the process, a recommended utility of the Carbon Dioxide would be to use it and the effluent water for supplying a greenhouse or hydroponic facility with optimized growing factors.
Also, the Carbon Dioxide may be combined with alkaline earth metals such as beryllium (Be), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba), and radium (Ra) to form solids that can be placed into the emptied Underground Cellular Gasification Reactor (UCGR) which is now available as a deep underground storage cavern.
A side benefit of the cavernized UCGR is the ability to place long term toxic waste with the assurance that it will remain safely isolated from the water table for many millennia.
Using the Carbon Dioxide in either recavernization injection or in agriculture growth enhancing systems are appropriate means of capturing and preventing the emission of byproduct green-house gas production.
How much is the Capital Cost
Installation size, ABC deposit morphology, and siting are the most significant costs factors driving the cost calculus. However, it is a reasonable expectation that the all-in capital cost for SunGas™ production sufficient to generate 100 MW of power will range between 5 and 8 million dollars.
This overview should be used only to determine if an interest in the ICSABC technology is generated. Specific factors unique to a particular site will determine if ICSABC is appropriate.